Nuclear power represents one third of the electricity production in the EU and it is well known that many people expect that among others its alleged greenhouse effect neutrality might give it a renaissance. However, almost half the EU member states have chosen not to develop nuclear power and some of these member states are now phasing out their nuclear power programmes.
It can be argued that if a conflict of interests exists between nuclear and non-nuclear countries in the EU, it reflects first and foremost a clash of interests between competing industries, namely between the renewables and the nuclear power industry. If this assumption is true, it would imply the existence of a correlation between the share of renewables in a country’s electricity production and the emphasis it puts on the development on renewables and its interest in obtaining a level playing field for RES in the European electricity markets. This would among others necessitate a closer look to be taken at the Euratom Treaty. The question is supposedly this: Is it fair to say that the Treaty – at least in some respects – distorts the European electricity market? And what are the issues that the non-nuclear countries in the EU have to deal with concerning European nuclear policies? In this context, the following is important: